What is Design Thinking?

What is Design Thinking?

The Design Thinking Mindset

You might be asking… "Is Design Thinking an appropriate approach for me? What is it?"

Answer: If you need a new, better, different solution for people then Design Thinking is the right approach!

Design Thinking is a creative approach to problem-solving that puts humans at the center of every step.

Design Thinking (also known as Human-Centered Design) is NOT a linear process. It's more like MBM® - an approach based on principles. It’s a way of being!

Teams use Design Thinking because they ultimately want to deliver a successful (and mutually-beneficial) solution.

History has shown us that to get there we will need to have balance in these three aspects of our solution. Viability, feasibility, and desirability. Design Thinking focuses on desirability - the human needs and desires.

Considering these three aspects makes this approach very entrepreneurial in nature- aligning with MBM foundational concepts and guiding principles.

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3 Key Components

In our MBM® culture we call particular attention to 3 key components. Practice these and you’ll be Design Thinking!

  1. Empathy – striving to deeply understand and feel for the people you’re serving
  2. Creativity – focusing on the problem, not the solution, with a mindset that helps you explore new possibilities
  3. Action – choosing progress over perfection by taking urgent action to drive learning, decisions, and direction

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Flow of activities

The “flow” of Design Thinking activities typically involves:

  • divergent thinking then convergent thinking
  • experimentation & testing
  • And numerous loops of iteration

Divergent & convergent thinking

Divergent thinking can be described as gathering an abundance of input from diverse perspectives.

For example: coming up with a variety of potential ideas (without evaluating each as good or bad)

Convergent thinking is when multiple ideas or inputs are evaluated and decisions are made to reach appropriate conclusions.

Image source: https://psychologycompass.com/blog/creative/
Image source: https://psychologycompass.com/blog/creative/

Experimentation & testing

Once ideas have been narrowed down and focused into a potential solution, a step that is often overlooked (but crucial to success) is creating experiments and tests to validate the ideas.

By testing our ideas with the real people and problems they are supposed to solve, we can know if we are heading in the right direction.

Image source: https://xd.adobe.com/ideas/process/user-testing/conduct-usability-user-testing-for-mobile-apps-like-a-pro/
Image source: https://xd.adobe.com/ideas/process/user-testing/conduct-usability-user-testing-for-mobile-apps-like-a-pro/

Loops of iteration

This is often called a “loop” because as you progress you learn new information to make an informed decision on what’s needed next. It’s really Experimental Discovery!

You’re constantly progressing with the knowledge gained from numerous rapid experiments. It's MBM - Experimental Discovery.

Image source: https://towardsdatascience.com/iterate-your-r-code-efficiently-3c621998eaea
Image source: https://towardsdatascience.com/iterate-your-r-code-efficiently-3c621998eaea

There are a multitude of methods/activities that have been designed to help systematize Design Thinking. Advance Concepts has experimented with endless amounts of them and has curated the "greatest hits" here in the toolkit.

The resources below share some of the best (in our opinions) and we can share/demonstrate our favorites as well. Leverage these, but also feel free to adapt them. We often string them together into workshops or sprints to “close the loop”.

More resources on the mindset

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This article Accelerating our Vision (by Advance Concepts®) unpacks Design Thinking and its value in accelerating the application of MBM®

Advance Concepts® brings together MBM®, Design Thinking, and the latest entrepreneurial practices to accelerate innovation at Koch.

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A foundational book is Change by Design by Tim Brown former CEO of IDEO (2009).

Here’s a summary video (5min).

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Books and videos from Don Norman (a foundational leader of Design Thinking)

Don Norman a cognitive scientist who wrote The Design of Everyday Things (1988) and Emotional Design (2003). Focusing on the interactions of people and technology.

"Norman Doors" - Bad doors are everywhere (5 min)

More resources on process & activities

More info on Advance Concepts® Human-Centered Design approach in this pdf.

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IBM has implemented their own “Enterprise Design Thinking” framework. See their website for great resources (from principles to methods). It’s now free.

The Field Guide to Human-Centered Design is a comprehensive book on application by IDEO.org. It hits on the approach, additional mindsets, and shares a collection of methods.

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The “Innovating for People” Handbook by Luma Institute is also another great collection of methods.

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The “Sprint” book and 5-Day process by Jake Knapp (Google Ventures).

The book has a just-right approach for software solutions – and it’s been adapted for other applications due to it’s success.

Video of Advance Concept's experience with the "Sprint" process
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The Lean Startup is a book (2011) by Eric Reiss about rapid entrepreneurial experimentation and loops.

Most startups fail. But many of those failures are preventable. The Lean Startup is an approach that's changing the way companies are built and new products are launched.